Church Road, Dorrington,
Shropshire, SY5 7JL


St. Edward's CE Primary School

The Teaching of Phonics

The teaching of phonics starts in Reception.

The scheme we use is Letters and Sounds: Principles and Practice of High Quality Phonics.

In order to bring this scheme to life, we enhance it with a variety of other resources. These include: Phonics Play, Teach you Monster to Read, Jolly Phonics actions and rhymes for the sounds.

We provide interactive parents’ workshops to support our parents in helping their children at home with their phonics, as well as uploading videos of the correct pronunciation onto our website.

In conjunction with the teaching of phonics we also give our children phonics based activities to take home to consolidate what has been learnt in school.

The phonics teaching is split into ‘phases’ as detailed below:

Phase Phonic Knowledge and Skills
Phase One
Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.
Phase Two
Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.
Phase Three
The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the “simple code”, i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.
Phase Four
(Reception and Y1)
No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.
Phase Five
(Throughout Year 1 and re-visited if necessary in Year 2)
Now we move on to the “complex code”. Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
Phase Six
(Throughout Year 2 and beyond)
Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.


Phonics Assessment

Our phonics assessment is ongoing from when they start with single sounds (how many they know) and then this builds to blending and then digraph and trigraph.

Pupils in Year 1 take a phonics screening check in June. The purpose of the screening check is to confirm that all children have learned phonic decoding to an age-appropriate standard. The children who did not meet the required standard for the check in Year 1 enter again in Year 2 with additional support.

Our Reading Schemes

Across the school, reading books are book banded.
In Reception, year 1 and year 2, we have a number of book publishers to complement the teaching phonics. They are as follows:

  • Oxford Reading Tree
  • Bug Club Phonics
  • Collin’s Big Cat
  • Rigby Star

In KS2 our class libraries are all book banded and therefore this supports children in their own personal selection allowing them to develop ownership of their book choices.

Assessment of Reading

Attainment in reading is measured by using PM Benchmarking Reading Assessment, Salford Reading Test and Statutory assessments against the standards set out in the National Curriculum at the end of each key stage.


Useful Resources

Phonics Play


Teach Your Monster to Read

Foam Phonemes

Articulation of Phonemes